Property Rights in Central America

peterchristopher's picture

In general, Central American countries have support for the direct ownership of land by nationals or foreigners, and the right to use that land as they see fit. This differs from the Philippines, for instance, where non-citizens cannot own land. Some countries have had and continue to have some ambiguities of land ownership laws. For instance, in Costa Rica, land that is owned but undeveloped might be claimed by a squatter. In Nicaragua, there are additional complications arising from changing laws regarding land near the ocean, land that was historically part of land reform, and land that does or might fit the criteria for current land reform laws. I'm not an expert in any of these topics, but I want to invite those who have more information to contribute in this forum.


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